Water Wells


Hydracrat is a market leader in private water well installations.

We have provided water borehole drilling and installation solutions for thousands of commercial, agricultural and domestic clients throughout Scotland since we were founded in 1960.

Establishing a private water well supply can reduce or completely negate the need to use the public mains water system, often resulting in significant savings for the client on water bills.

Clients often see a Return on Investment very quickly, ranging from a few months to a few years, depending on the size of the system.

Establishing a Private Water Well

Our three-stage process for establishing a private borehole water well supply has been successfully providing our clients with long-term water solutions for decades.

A geological desk study is carried out by a chartered geologist. The study will aim to determine as accurately as possible from available information whether a suitable groundwater supply is likely to be encountered beneath the client’s property.

Findings and recommendations arising from the desk study are then reported back to the client.

We often recommend the drilling of a small diameter probe borehole to a particular depth, based on findings from the desk study.

The objective of the probe borehole is to locate a groundwater source – indicating the groundwater quantity and quality – as cost-effectively as possible for the client.

The probe borehole is a means of de-risking the project, as it can provide more certainty that a suitable groundwater supply is available at the property, before the client commits potentially significant financial resources to a full well construction.

The probe also helps to indicate the required specification of the production borehole and the downhole equipment, such as the submersible water pump and motor.

Following the results of the probe, we will assess requirements and provide a fixed price quotation for the completion of a full production water well.

Full construction of the production water well.

Hydracrat completes the drilling of the borehole, before installing the downhole equipment such as the plastic well screen, submersible water pump and motor, riser pipe and electric cabling.

How does a Water Well work?

There are layers of rock beneath the surface which are saturated in water, known as ‘aquifers’. This groundwater can be accessed for consumption and productivity purposes through one or several boreholes.

To access the water, Hydracrat will drill a borehole to depths down to 200 metres below ground level. We will then install a submersible water pump and supporting equipment near to the bottom of the borehole. The pump can then supply high quality groundwater back to the surface for decades to come.

The aquifer source generally replenishes itself naturally and is unlikely to run dry, although this often depends on the rate at which groundwater is abstracted.

Our Pledge

Our senior team have first-hand experience of a wide range of water well installations and can offer expert advice, tailored to your requirements.

Our focus throughout is to provide you with a system which provides a reliable, long-lasting groundwater supply.

To ensure this, we use only the best components and apply drilling and installation practices to the highest standard.

Clients large and small should also ensure compliance with SEPA and Coal Authority requirements, which we are happy to advise on.

Fault-Finding and Refurbishments

It is not uncommon for us to be contacted by clients who are experiencing problems with a production well which was installed by another contractor.

Should this transpire, we can provide expert advice on the cause of the issue and how it should be rectified. Common faults include failures with sub-standard components or boreholes with inadequate steel casing and plastic well screen.

In some instances, the supply of the water well may be compromised by a build-up of sediment. To resolve this, we offer a refurbishment service whereby one of our drilling rigs essentially cleans the well by flushing out the sediment with high-pressure air.